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January Cattle Inventory Down One Per Cent

01 February 2010
National Agricultural Statistics Service

US - Released on 29 January 2010, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, US Department of Agriculture, the cattle inventory suggests that 2009 cattle numbers were down slightly on the previous year.

All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2010, totaled 93.7 million head, one per cent below the 94.5 million on January 1, 2009.

All cows and heifers that have calved, at 40.5 million, were down one per cent from the 41.0 million on January 1, 2009.

  • Beef cows, at 31.4 million, were down one per cent from January 1, 2009.
  • Milk cows, at 9.1 million, were down three per cent from January 1, 2009.
Other class estimates on January 1, 2010, and the change from January 1, 2009, are as follows:
  • All heifers 500 pounds and over, 19.7 million, up slightly.
  • Beef replacement heifers, 5.4 million, down two per cent.
  • Milk replacement heifers, 4.5 million, up two per cent.
  • Other heifers, 9.7 million, up one per cent.
  • Steers weighing 500 pounds and over, 16.4 million, down two per cent.
  • Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over, 2.2 million, up slightly.
  • Calves under 500 pounds, 14.9 million, up slightly.
  • Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots, 13.6 million, down two per cent.
  • The combined total of calves under 500 pounds, and other heifers and steers over 500 pounds outside of feedlots was 27.5 million, down slightly.

Calf Crop Down one per cent

The 2009 calf crop was estimated at 35.8 million head, down one per cent from 2008. Calves born during the first half of the year are estimated at 26.0 million, down one per cent from 2008.

Revisions

All inventory and calf crop estimates for July 1, 2008, January 1, 2009, and July 1, 2009 were reviewed using calf crop, official slaughter, import and export data, and the relationship of new survey information to the prior surveys. Based on the findings of this review, small adjustments of less than one-half per cent were made to previously released inventory estimates by class and calf crop.

State level estimates were reviewed and changes were made to reallocate inventory and calf crop estimates to the U.S. total.

Further Reading

- You can view the full report by clicking here.

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