Canadian Cattle Statistics Second Quarter 2011

The Canadian cattle herd is down 0.8 per cent for the second quarter of 2011, in comparison to the same quarter in 2010, reports Statistics Canada.
calendar icon 25 September 2011
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Statistics Canada

Highlights

  • As of 1 July, 2011, the Canadian cattle herd was estimated at just under 13.9 million head, down 0.8 per cent from the same date in 2010.

  • The Canadian dairy herd increased 0.3 per cent, while the total beef herd dropped 1.1 per cent.

  • From January to July 2011, 1.6 million head of Canadian cattle and calves were sent to slaughter. This was a 14.1 per cent decrease from the same six month period one year earlier.

  • During the first six months of 2011, exports of live cattle and calves totalled 374,400 head, down 39.9 per cent from the same period in 2010.

Analysis

Cattle inventories held on Canadian farms as of July 1, 2011 decreased compared to the same date a year earlier. Cattle inventories fell by 0.8 per cent to just below 13.9 million head, continuing the decline from the record level of 16.9 million observed in 2005.

Table 1: Cattle inventories

As of 1 July, 2011 Canadian cattle herd was estimated at just below 13.9 million head, down 0.8 per cent from the same date in 2010. Cattle inventories have been declining since their peak of 16.9 million in July of 2005. However, the rate of decline has slowed down since July 2010.

During the current period, the Canadian dairy herd grew 0.3 per cent, while the total beef herd dropped 1.1 per cent. Farmers reported a 2.1 per cent decline in the total number of beef cows while replacement heifers were seen to increase by 6.7 per cent.

The total number of dairy cows was virtually unchanged from the same period a year ago, while replacement dairy heifers increased 0.8 per cent.

With the exception of a 0.2 per cent growth in both Alberta and Saskatchewan, declines in cattle and calf inventories were pervasive. Cattle and calf farms in British Columbia reported a 0.9 per cent decline in overall cattle holdings, while Manitoba and Ontario indicated that inventories declined by 3.3 per cent and 1.9 per cent respectively.

Inventories declined by 2.2 per cent in Quebec and were off 1.6 per cent in the Atlantic region from levels established a year earlier.

During the first six months of 2011, 1.6 million head of Canadian cattle and calves were sent to slaughter. This was a 14.1 per cent decline from the same six-month period last year and 8.8 per cent below levels for the same period in 2009.

Slaughter declined across the country except in British Columbia where it went up by 36.1 per cent on a year-over-year basis. The largest relative decline was recorded for Manitoba (–26.3 per cent) followed by the Atlantic Provinces (–22.0 per cent).

Chart 1: Cattle and calves exports, Canada, January to June, 2001 to 2011

During the first half of 2011, exports of live cattle and calves amounted to 374,400 head, down 39.9 per cent from the same period in 2010 and a 37.9 per cent decline from the first six months of 2009.

About 97,115 farms reported beef or dairy cattle as of 1 July, 2011, down 2.4 per cent from 1 July, 2010.

Further Reading

- You can view the full report by clicking here.

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