OIE Reports FMD Outbreak in Nepal Village

NEPAL - Dr Bimal Kumar Nirmal from the Department of Livestock Services at the Ministry of Livestock Development has reported an outbreak of foot and mouth diseases in Narayani.
calendar icon 25 August 2017
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According to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), the outbreak started on 2 April and confirmed on 6 April. The OIE received an immediate notification on 22 August.

The affected population comprised cattle and buffaloes. A total of 17 bovines were found susceptible and affected, but no deaths were reported.

As for buffaloes, three animals were showed signs of susceptibility and were also affected. In this case too, there were no deaths.

According to the OIE, 15 per cent of young (1-1.5 years old) and 85 per cent of adult (3-5 years old) cross breed cattle and buffaloes of four farms were affected with typical signs and symptoms of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) such as high fever, drooling of saliva, champing of jaws, lameness, off feed, lesions on tongue.

All the cattle and buffaloes in the village were affected; however there was no sign of mortality observed even in the young ones. The animals have not been vaccinated against FMD in their few years in these farms.

There was a buffalo collection and selling center 100 meters close to the village. There was a collection of buffaloes from different neighboring districts and international bordering districts. Further investigation is ongoing.

While the source of the outbreak remains unknown or inconclusive, illegal movement of animals appears to be the most likely.

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