OIE Reports FMD Outbreaks in Zabaykalsky Krai

RUSSIA - The Russian veterinary authorities have reported three new outbreaks of foot and mouth disease in Zabaykalsky Krai, affecting goat/sheep, pig and cattle populations.
calendar icon 5 April 2013
clock icon 2 minute read

The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) received follow-up report no. 1 on 4 April stating that the outbreaks took place on various farms across Zabaykalsky Krai. 

In the case of cattle, a total of 4398 animals were found susceptible, out of which 684 cases were reported. A total of 995 pigs were found showing signs of susceptibility to the FMD virus (Serotype A). No deaths were reported and no animals were destroyed and/or slaughtered.

According to the OIE, the village Duroi is located at 3,5 km from the border with China, and the villages Priargunsk and Srednyaya Borzya are located at 1,5 km from the border.

The affected territory is part of the buffer zone where vaccination against FMD is practiced.

The isolates belong to genetic lineage SEA-97 of type A FMD virus.

Complement fixation tests (CFT), indirect ELISA as well as indirect sandwich ELISA, nested reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) as well as RT-PCR tests, and virus isolation were conducted in cattle, whereby the presence of the FMD virus was confirmed.

In swine, indirect sandwich ELISA and reverse transcription - polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests were carried out, also alluding to the presence of the FMD virus.

All tests were carried out at the Federal Centre for Animal Health (FGI-ARRIAH), OIE's reference laboratory.

Several measures such as quarantine, movement control within the country, screening, disinfection of infected premises/establishment(s), no vaccination and no treatment of affected animals have been applied. A measure to be applied is vaccination in response to the outbreak(s).

The source of the outbreak(s) remains inconclusive.

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