Animal Husbandry Makes Significant Progress

CHINA - During the Eleventh Five-Year Plan period, animal husbandry has made significant achievements in ensuring effective supplies of meat, eggs and milk and improving quality and safety of feed and animal products.
calendar icon 1 February 2011
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In addition, safety and improvement of ecosystems were achieved as well as steady and sustained momentum of development in general, according to the Ministry of Agriculture.

Regarding sustained growth of animal production, it is expected that the production of meat, eggs and milk would be 78.50 million tons, 27.60 million tons, and 37.40 million tons, respectively, or an increase of 13.1 per cent, 13.2 per cent and 31 per cent, respectively, compared with 2005. Effective supplies for markets have been ensured. Currently, the country's per-capita availability of meat is 58.8kg, which is higher than the world average, and that of eggs is 20.7kg, which is higher than developed countries.

On the development of large-scale and standardised animal farming, it is expected that in 2010, large-scale pig farms with over 50 head sold and dairy cow farms with population of more than 20 animals would be 66 per cent and 47 per cent of the total, respectively, or an increase of 29 and 20 percentage points, respectively, compared with 2005. The share of mechanised milking accounts for 87 per cent or 47 percentage points higher than 2005. More feed manufacturing enterprises have been concentrated. Grassland animal husbandry has improved its production practices. For example, now there are over 40 million animals under shelter feeding instead of natural grazing.

On improved animal breeding systems, it is said that to implement the state animal reproduction and breeding programmes, the central and local governments have invested more than five billion yuan in total in rebuilding or expanding seed stock and poultry farms, resources preservation farms and quality testing centres for seed stock and poultry. Up to now, on the basis of these farms and centres, reproduction and breeding systems for quality breeds have come into being.

On the quality and safety of feed and raw milk, the statement says that in 2010, the acceptance rate of feed products from spot-check is up to 93 per cent or four percentage points higher than that of 2005. No clenbuterol has been found for five consecutive years, and the acceptance rate of animal products from regular inspection is over 99 per cent. The Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) has organized to implement the national safety supervision plan of raw milk and carried out blanket inspection of raw milk purchasing stations and key areas. Thanks to such efforts, the acceptance rate of raw milk from melamine inspections has been 100 per cent for tow consecutive years.

Remarkable achievements in preservation and improvement of grassland ecosystems, it is stated. The central government has spent a total of 16.482 billion yuan on preserving grassland ecosystems or an increase of 51.4 per cent compared with the Tenth Five-Year Plan period. To introduce systems for protecting basic grassland, balanced development of grassland and livestock as well as for grazing ban, rest and rotation grazing, we have vigorously implemented major projects for improving grassland ecosystems and herdsmen life such as projects of grass for grazing, control of sand storm sources and grassland management in Beijing and Tianjin areas, and resettlement of nomadic herdsmen.

During the Eleventh Five-Year Plan period, animal husbandry has made significant achievements in five aspects as follows: first, establishment of policy framework for supporting animal production; second, setting up of regulation mechanisms for stabilized industrial development; third, qualitative leap made in animal production practices; fourth, further improved control systems for quality and safety of animal products; and fifth, important breakthrough in protection and development of grassland.

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