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Evidence Shows Abuse Inflicted on Infant Veal Calves

02 November 2009

US - The Humane Society of the United States has released results of an undercover investigation documenting animal abuse at a Vermont slaughter plant.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Vermont Agency of Agriculture immediately suspended operations at the plant, pending a continuing investigation, based on the information provided by The HSUS.

The HSUS is cooperating with agencies, and provided undercover footage and some preliminary findings to them earlier this week.

Videotape from the investigation reveals that veal calves only a few days old — many with their umbilical cords still hanging from their bodies — were unable to stand or walk on their own.

The tape shows that the animals were kicked, slapped and repeatedly shocked with electric prods and subjected to other mistreatment. After reviewing the undercover footage obtained by the HSUS investigator in August and September 2009, animal scientists Dr. Temple Grandin and Kurt Vogel pronounced that, "the handling practices and attention to insensibility at this plant are unacceptable and must improve."

The investigation of Bushway Packing, Inc. of Grand Isle, Vt., was conducted nearly two years after The HSUS revealed to an appalled nation the routine abuse of downed cows at a California slaughter plant which supplied the National School Lunch Program. That investigation prompted the largest meat recall in U.S. history and led to a new federal regulation that banned the slaughter of downer cattle, but it retained an exemption for downer calves.

Vermont Veal Calf Slaughter Investigation

"We are grateful to U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack and Vermont Agriculture Secretary Roger Allbee for taking decisive action to address the problems at this slaughter plant, and for taking animal welfare concerns so seriously," said Michael Markarian, HSUS chief operating officer.

"All animals deserve humane treatment, including animals raised for food, and this type of abuse has got to stop."

In this latest stomach-wrenching look inside America's meat industry, the HSUS undercover investigator focused on the handing and slaughter of infant veal calves, including those too weak to stand or injured and unable to rise. These suffering animals were routinely subjected to cruel treatment, including excessive electric shocking, in attempts to make them stand so they could be slaughtered.

The investigation also uncovered:

  • Failure to ensure that stunned calves had been rendered insensible to pain. Undercover video shows movements and breathing that is not characteristic of post-mortem reflexes. In one case, a shackled calf whose head had been halfway removed vocalized at a point when he should have been unconscious, leading experts Grandin and Vogel to assert that he was "definitely sensible."
  • In one scene, the co-owner of the plant shocks and then heaves a downed calf to his feet saying, "There's nothing wrong with you, shitbox." The infant animal, covered in his own diarrhea, staggers and falls hard into the side of the trailer. The HSUS investigator videotaped calves crowded together and stunned as a group, rather than restrained individually so the stun gun could be accurately placed.
  • Workers, including the plant's co-owner, are seen in the video repeatedly shocking calves who seem weak and unable to stand, even going so far as to throw water on a calf to intensify the electric current. In some instances, a calf was shocked more than 30 times, in addition to being kicked, slapped and then lifted and dropped.
  • In one scene, a worker has to move away from a calf who kicks after having one of his feet cut off.

Grandin and Vogel assert that "electric prods were commonly used in an abusive manner to force nonambulatory calves to rise. This is unacceptable and should not continue. It is unacceptable to allow workers to kick calves to make them rise as was observed…This is a definite act of abuse."

Some of the calves had died or fallen down on the trip to the slaughter facility. Grandin and Vogel also stated that calves unable to stand and walk on their own should be euthanised.

Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack said: "The deplorable scenes recorded in the video released by the Humane Society of the United States are unequivocally unacceptable. The callous behavior and attitudes displayed in the video clearly appear to be violations of USDA's humane handling regulations.

"USDA's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) is investigating these alleged violations of the Humane Methods of Slaughter Act (HMSA). FSIS took immediate action with respect to its employee and the establishment upon preliminary verification of the incident. The Department fully supports the investigation of all those involved in these alleged violations of the HMSA. To this end, I have also called on our Inspector General to conduct a criminal investigation of the events in the video.

"FSIS has a rigorous program to train inspection personnel in verifying humane handling and slaughter at establishments. When an FSIS employee observes behaviors that are not in compliance with the HMSA, they are obligated to take immediate action. The behavior of FSIS and establishment personnel witnessed in this video is inexcusable."

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