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Next Member State Will Make Small Contribution to EU

28 January 2013

CROATIA - Croatia is a candidate country of the EU, scheduled to enter the Union in July 2013. The country is close to self-sufficiency for most livestock products. Its share of the maize and soybean crop is three and 12 per cent, respectively.

Since Croatia is not covered in the latest medium term outlook publication from the European Commission, Prospects for Agricultural Markets and Income in the EU 2012-2020, some background information on its agriculture is separately in that document to put its agriculture in the broader EU context.

Overall, Croatia has a population of 4.5 million - less than one per cent of the EU population - and a utilised agricultural area of 1.3 million hectares (ha), about 0.7 per cent of the EU total.

From the products covered in this outlook, Croatia is self-sufficient in arable products: oilseeds, cereals and sugar. It is also a considerable exporter of these products.

In the case of oilseeds, Croatia exports oilseeds but imports large quantities of vegetable oils and protein meals. Croatia is an important supplier of sugar to the EU market due to preferential access but on the other hand imports considerable quantities from especially Brazil to satisfy domestic demand.

Croatia is close to self-sufficiency for most livestock products and has only considerable imports of cheese and pig meat.

The table shows the production of agricultural products in Croatia. Only in the case of maize and soybeans, Croatia accounts for considerable more than one per cent of EU production - maize about three per cent and soybeans about 12 per cent.


Agricultural production in Croatia, 2007-2011 ('000 tonnes)
(Source: Eurostat and own estimates)


Further Reading

You can view the full report by clicking here.

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